Calibration / contamination control with a block and bleed valve and coalescing filter

When calibrating or testing a gauge or transducer with a pneumatic pressure controller it is important to protect the controller from any liquid contaminants that may be present in the device under test (DUT). A block and bleed valve (BBV) in-line with a coalescing filter is a great way to do that.
The potential flow of containments is from the DUT to the controller. A BBV and a coalescing filter, oriented as seen in the diagram above, will to work to prevent contamination. The BBV is used to purge the majority of liquid from the DUT. The coalescing filter is a backup to eliminate any residual liquid which may be present even after the initial purge and can separate entrained liquid droplets from gas flowing in the direction of the controller. The next procedure is built to prevent harm to a pneumatic pressure controller from a contaminated DUT.
Purge the DUT of liquid containments
Before connecting the DUT to the system, remove as much liquid as possible from the DUT.
With the controller power off and both block and bleed valve closed, connect the machine as shown above.
Use the controller to apply a pressure close to the full scale pressure of the DUT.
Open the block valve slowly to pressurize the DUT (note: the gas will flow in the direction of the controller to the DUT ? ruthless to low pressure).
Following the system is pressurized close the block valve.
Open the bleed valve and detox the system to atmospheric pressure. Provocative to see if any liquid is purged.
Close the bleed valve.
Repeat steps 3 to 7 until no more liquid is observed coming out of the system.
With the block and the bleed valves securely closed, vent the controller.
After Jail of the aforementioned procedure it should now be safe to calibrate the DUT. To calibrate, open the block valve and close the bleed valve. The coalescing filter will coalesce (join together) any liquid droplets that could still be within the gas, and gravity will draw the liquid to the bottom of the filter housing. Limited will also remove particles bigger than the specified size. A computerized or manual valve could be attached to underneath of the filter housing to periodically drain any liquid that has accumulated.
Note:
1. The coalescing filter won’t protect against a large slug of liquid that fills the housing and is forced through the filter membrane or liquid vapor.
2. The gas used to calibrate the DUT can flow in either direction in this system.
3. You will have a pressure drop over the filter in the flowing condition; at steady state pressure there is no pressure drop.

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